Champagnes are sparkling white wine made in the delimited region of Champagne in France by following the méthode champenoise. The Romans were the first inhabitants who planted vineyards at the Champagne region. The name comes from the Latin campania and referred to the similarities between the rolling hills of that province & Italian country side of Campania located at the south of Rome.

The primary grapes used to produce are black Pinot noir and Pinot Meunier and also white Chardonnay. Champagne appellation law allows only grapes grown according to appellation rules specifically in designated plots within the appellation to be used in production.

  • Champagnes are branded by the shipper’s name.
  • The three grapes used in the manufacturing process of Champagnes include :

Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier

Champagne -Types & Brands BNG Hotel Management Kolkata

Learn more about History of Champagnes from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


  • One of the most delicate and delightful wines – lengthy process – never cheap – glamour wine.
  • Celebration wine – indispensable at weddings, receptions, formal banquets, etc.
  • Good accompaniment – Brut with soup, Sec with mousse, etc.
  • A cold glass of Champagne – excellent apéritif.
Brute / Nature Very dry: 0.5% to 1.5% sugar
Très Sec Fairly dry: 1.5% to 3% sugar
Sec Dry or medium sweet: 3% to 5% sugar
Demi Sec Quite sweet: 5% to 7% sugar
Doux Very sweet: 7% or more sugar


  • Vin mousseux – Sparkling wine of France
  • Crémant – Bottle-fermented sparkling wine made outside Champagne. E.g. Crémant de Bourgogne
  • Sekt – German sparkling wine.
  • Schumwein – German sparkling wine.
  • Spumante – Italian sparkling wine.
  • Espumante – Portugese sparkling wine.
  • Cava / Espumosa – Spanish sparkling wine


Moet & Chandon Henriot Piper Heidsieck
G. H. Mumm Joseph Perrier Laurent-Perrier
Dom Perignon Mercier Perrier-Jouet,
Veuve Clicquot Pol Roger Charles Heidsieck
Pommery Bollinger Deutz
Krug Taittinger
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